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The Caithness Biodiversity Action Plan - February 2003

List of nationally important habitats present in Caithness
For which a Broad Habitat Statement or Priority Habitat Action Plan has been prepared.
(Ref: www.ukbap.org.uk

Sea & coast

Sublittoral sands & gravels
Deep water mud habitats
Maerl beds
Horse mussel beds
Tidal rapids
Coastal saltmarsh
Coastal sand dunes
Coastal vegetated shingle
Saline lagoons
Seagrass beds
Sheltered muddy gravels
Maritime cliff and slope

River, loch & wetland

Mesotrophic lochs
Eutrophic standing waters

Farm & croft land

Lowland meadows
Upland hay meadows
Lowland dry acid grassland
Purple moor grass & rush pasture
Upland calcareous grassland
Coastal & floodplain grazing marsh
Cereal field margins
Ancient &/or species rich hedgerows

Forest & woodland

native pine woodland
Upland mixed ash woodland
Upland oak woodland
Wet woodland
Lowland wood pasture and parkland

Blanket bog, moor & hill

Blanket bog
Lowland heathland
Upland heathland

The following additional habitats are considered important by local people: Beaches, Lochs, Rivers & burns, Rough grassland, Arable crops, Birch woodland, Policy woodland, Plantation woodland, Parks & gardens, Roadside verges.

List of nationally important species known to be present in Caithness

For which a Priority Species Action Plan, Grouped Species Action Plan or Species Statement has been prepared.  (Ref: www.ukbap.org.uk )

Bombus distinguendus
Great yellow bumble bee

Alauda arvensis

Carduelis cannabina Linnet

Emberiza schoeniculus Reed bunting

Melanitta nigra Common scoter

Miliaria calandra Corn bunting

Muscicapa striata Spotted flycatcher

Passer montanus Tree sparrow

Pyrrhula pyrrhula Bullfinch

Turdus philomelos Songthrush

Cetorhinus maximus
Basking shark

Clupea harengus Herring

Gadus morhua Cod

Grouped plan Commercial marine fish

Grouped plan Deep-water fish

Lophius piscatorius Monkfish

Merlangius merlangus Whiting

Merluccius merluccius Common hake

Molva molva Ling

Pleuronectes platessa Plaice

Pollachius virens Saithe

Raja batis Common skate

Scomber scombrus Mackerel

Hygrocybe calyptriformis
Pink meadow cap

Arvicola terrestris
Water vole

Balaenoptera acutorostrata Minke whale

Globicephala melas Long-finned pilot whale

Grampus griseus Risso's dolphin

Lagenorhynchus acutus Atlantic white-sided dolphin

Lagenorhynchus albirostris White-beaked dolphin

Lepus europaeus Brown hare

Lutra lutra Otter

Orcinus orca Killer whale

Phocoena phocoena Harbour porpoise

Pipistrellus pipistrellus Pipistrelle bat

Tursiops truncatus Bottlenose dolphin

Bryum neodamense
Long-leaved threadmoss

Dermochelys coriacea
Leatherback turtle

Vascular plants
Calamagrostis scotica
Scottish small-reed

Euphrasia rotundifolia An eyebright

Saxifraga hirculus Yellow marsh saxifrage

Trichomanes speciosum Killarney fern

Back To Annex 2 Contact Details    Forward To Annex 4 Local Species Lists