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NATURE AND ENVIRONMENT
Ken Butler's Botanical Pages
Plant list in alphabetical order
This list is being compiled from Ken Butler's collection and will have additions made over time.....
Clicking back through the pictures to the pages will give more information and may indicate the time of year that the plant is in flower in Caithness.
Ajuga Ajuga pyramidalis.- The Pyramidal Bugle is nationally scarce and flowers in May.
Autumn Hawkbit (Leontodon autumnalis) Lines the roadside with a yellow carpet some six inches high.
Bell Heather (Erica cinerea) In drier parts of the moor the Bell Heather shows a bigger flower of a more intense purple than Heather (Calluna Vulgaris)
Butterburr (Petasites albus) - Butterburr is an invading alien flowering in February.
Common Ragwort (Senecio jacobaea) Yellow- poisonous to most animals and a serious pest in the countryside.
Cross-leaved Heath (Erica tetralix) In the wetter parts the shows flowers of a paler pinky purple than Heather or Bell Heather
Few-flowered Garlic (Allium paradoxum) This is an alien plant to Britain, coming from the Caucasus.
Fragrant Orchid (Gymnadenia conopsea) This pink orchid is very fragrant, so bend down and have a sniff! There are very few pink orchids in Caithness
Goat Willow Catkins - Male catkins of the make an early show.
Hazel Catkins (Corylus avellana) Catkins are the male flowers of the hazel bush.
Heather (Calluna vulgaris) On the peaty moorlands the heather comes into flower in early August to colour the hills and moors with purple.
Lesser Celandine (Ranunculus ficaria). Lesser Celandine has heart-shaped leaves with a dark mark.
Mayflower (Cardamine pratensis) Found In ditches and damp grassy places in May.
Meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria In the wet meadow the dominates to the exclusion of many other plants.
Narrow Small-reed (Calamagrostis stricta). Three of the Caithness lochs have around their margins fairly sweet, muddy wet ground which is the home of the nationally rare
Perennial Sow-thistle (Sonchus arvensis) stands three feet high with strong prickles on its leaves.
Phacelia (Phacelia tanacetifolia). A late-flowering species that has appeared this year for the first time in cornfields and set-aside land is the blue flowered It is an annual plant introduced from California with seed mixtures.
Primrose (Primula vulgaris) Primroses prefer grassy slopes and flower early.
Rosebay Willowherb (Chamerion angustifolium) which forms dense colonies here and there adding a mass of pinkish purple colour to the landscape.
Round-leaved Sundew (Drosera rotundifolia.) The huge areas of peatland in Caithness and North Sutherland are of international importance because of the world scarcity of this type of place.
Scotch Rose or Burnet Rose
Scottish Smallreed (Calamagrostis scotica.) There is only one locality in the world where this grass is known, and that is a boggy area near Castletown. Flowers in August.